Archaeology Beni Bolivia
CHUCHINI ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM – PRE-COLUMBIAN HYDRAULIC CULTURE FROM WETLAND ‘LLANOS DE MOXOS’
World’s Largest Wetland of International Importance
WWF International is reporting that Bolivia’s Llanos de Moxos region has been named the World’s Largest Wetland of International Importance. Covering 6.9 million hectares, this tropical region is located in Bolivia’s northern state of Beni.
20.000 man-made artificial hills in the wetland ‘Llanos de Moxos’
Because of its geography (most of the state sits at about 155 meters above sea level), Beni was a very important center of pre-columbian civilization known as the cultura hidráulica (hydraulic culture) of Las Lomas (the hills), a culture that constructed over 20,000 man-made artificial hills, all interconnected by thousands of square kilometers of aqueducts, channels, embankments, artificial lakes and lagoons, and terraces.
Works ancient as hills, mounds, ridges, canals and lagoons, lie asleep in this territory of their predecessors and history have forgotten or unknown, and that they hide the origins of the Amazon today is only named as myths or legends.
Chuchini, a Museum with great archaeological importance – artefacts from pre-columbian culture
Chuchini is known for its great archaeological importance, since in the 1970s were carried out excavation works in small-scale in charge of the Argentine mission. In this artificial Hill is to the surface land archaeological sites that speak of the mysterious past of a culture not yet known; classified as pre-Columbian and 3,000 years b.c. (Kenneth Lee, 1995)., Dr. Clarck Erickson of the University of Pennsylvania and the (INAR) researchers Wilma Winkler, Marcos Michel (July 1990) put knowledge to the national authorities of the importance of these hills that have been witness to the pre-Columbian Mojena hydraulic culture. Result of the excavation and a collection since 1974 was able to get around 1,500 archaeological pieces that are today exhibited in a small archaeological museum on the site.